--Well tolerated; dose dependent biological effects consistent with CD40-mediated immune cell activity--
--Program development expanded based on results observed to date--
HAMPTON, N.J., Nov. 09, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Celldex Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ:CLDX) presented interim data today from the Phase 1 dose-escalation study of CDX-1140, a fully human agonist anti-CD40 antibody. CD40, expressed on dendritic cells and other antigen presenting cells, has long been an important target for immunotherapy, as it plays a critical role in the activation of innate and adaptive immune responses. The data were presented in a poster session at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer's (SITC) 33rd Annual Meeting.
"CDX-1140 was specifically designed to balance systemic dosing and safety, which has proven elusive for CD40-targeted activating therapeutics,” said Tibor Keler, Ph.D., Executive Vice President and Chief Scientific Officer of Celldex Therapeutics. “We have completed four of the potential eight monotherapy dose levels and, to date, CDX-1140 has been well tolerated. Importantly, we are observing dose-dependent biological effects consistent with CD40-mediated immune cell activity. Based on these positive findings, we have expanded development of the program and recently initiated a combination cohort with CDX-301, our dendritic cell growth factor, to increase the number of dendritic cells which are critical to initiating antitumor immunity and a key target for CDX-1140. We also expanded the study to include patients with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma as our preclinical work has demonstrated that CDX-1140 has direct killing effect on CD40-expressing NHL cells. We look forward to continued data updates from this study in the first half of 2019.”
Potent CD40 agonist antibodies have shown encouraging results in early clinical studies; however, systemic toxicity associated with broad CD40 activation has limited their dosing. CDX-1140 has unique properties relative to other CD40 agonist antibodies: potent agonist activity resulting in dendritic cell and B cell activation is independent of Fc receptor interaction, contributing to more consistent, controlled immune activation; CD40 ligand (CD154) binding is not blocked, allowing potential synergistic, antigen-specific agonist activity; and the antibody promotes strong immune activation without significant adverse events in preclinical toxicology studies.
Seventeen patients with solid tumors were enrolled at the time of data analysis (n=13 monotherapy; n=4 combination). Four single-agent dosing cohorts have completed (0.01; 0.03, 0.09 and 0.18 mg/kg) and enrollment to the 0.36 mg/kg monotherapy cohort is ongoing. Enrollment to the first CDX-1140/CDX-301 combination cohort is ongoing (0.09 mg/kg and 75 ug/kg, respectively). Dose dependent biological effects consistent with CD40-mediated immune activation have been observed in the study and no maximum tolerated dose (MTD) has been identified to date. Continued enrollment is ongoing to define the MTD and select a dose for disease-specific expansion cohorts that will be monitored for clinical activity.
- CDX-1140 has been well tolerated to date. One patient experienced a grade 3 dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) (pneumonitis and hypoxia) at the single-agent 0.18 mg/kg dose. Per protocol, three additional patients were enrolled in the cohort and no additional DLTs have been observed in this or subsequent cohorts.
- There have been no significant drug-related changes observed to date in liver function tests or platelets, which have been observed with other CD40 agonists.
- Transient dose-dependent pharmacodynamic effects have been observed including activation of immune cells and increases in pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in the blood, which are consistent with CD40-mediated immune activation and the hypothesis that CDX-1140 may achieve dose levels optimal for systemic exposure.
- A combination cohort with Celldex’s dendritic cell growth factor CDX-301 has been added to the CDX-1140 study. Dendritic cells, which express CD40, are rarely present or completely absent within the tumor microenvironment and are critical for initiating anti-tumor immunity. CDX-301 is being utilized to increase the number of dendritic cells in blood and tissue available for CDX-1140 activation. CDX-1140 should, in turn, activate the dendritic cells, an important step for enhancing anti-tumor immune responses. While this combination cohort just recently opened to enrollment, preliminary evidence of enhanced immune activation has been observed. Patients continue to be monitored for toxicity with no DLT observed to date.
- The study has also been amended to allow for the inclusion of patients with CD40-expressing B cell lymphomas (subtypes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma or NHL) in up to two single-agent cohorts. Both immune activation and direct killing of CD40-expressing NHL cells by CDX-1140 have been shown to contribute to antitumor activity. Several B cell lymphomas, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma, also express both CD40 and CD27. Celldex’s varlilumab is a potent CD27 agonist and has been shown to synergize with CDX-1140 in NHL models and may be evaluated in combination with CDX-1140 in the future.
CDX-1140 is a fully human antibody targeted to CD40, a key activator of immune response that is found on dendritic cells, macrophages and B cells and is also expressed on many cancer cells. Potent CD40 agonist antibodies have shown encouraging results in early clinical studies; however, systemic toxicity associated with broad CD40 activation has limited their dosing. CDX-1140 has unique properties relative to other CD40 agonist antibodies: potent agonist activity resulting in dendritic cell and B cell activation is independent of Fc receptor interaction, contributing to more consistent, controlled immune activation; CD40 ligand (CD154) binding is not blocked, allowing potential synergistic, antigen-specific agonist activity; and the antibody promotes strong immune activation without significant adverse events in preclinical toxicology studies. CDX-1140 has also shown direct antitumor activity in preclinical lymphoma models. Celldex believes that the potential for CDX-1140 will be best defined in combination studies with other immunotherapies, including CDX-301, Celldex’s dendritic cell growth factor, varlilumab, Celldex’s potent CD27 agonist, checkpoint blockade, radiation and other conventional cancer treatments.
About Celldex Therapeutics, Inc.
Celldex is developing targeted therapeutics to address devastating diseases for which available treatments are inadequate. Our pipeline includes immunotherapies and other targeted biologics derived from a broad set of complementary technologies which have the ability to engage the human immune system and/or directly inhibit tumors to treat specific types of cancer or other diseases. Visit www.celldex.com.
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