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U.S.
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C.  20549

FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
 
ý QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2016
 
or

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from            to          
 
Commission File Number: 001-07120

HARTE HANKS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
74-1677284
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification Number)
9601 McAllister Freeway, Suite 610, San Antonio, Texas 78216
(Address of principal executive offices, including zipcode)
 
(210) 829-9000
(Registrant’s telephone number including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ý   No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý   No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer or a non-accelerated filer.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “small reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer  o Accelerated filer ý Non-accelerated filer o (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company o
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
 
Yeso  No ý
 
The number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock as of July 15, 2016 was 61,509,791 shares of common stock, all of one class.
 


Table of Contents

HARTE HANKS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FORM 10-Q REPORT
For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2016

 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


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Item 1.  Financial Statements

Harte Hanks, Inc. and Subsidiaries Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
In thousands, except per share and share amounts
 
2016
 
2015
ASSETS
 
 

 
 

Current assets
 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
12,901

 
$
16,564

Accounts receivable (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,176 at June 30, 2016 and $974 at December 31, 2015)
 
75,585

 
103,758

Inventory
 
1,241

 
963

Prepaid expenses
 
7,433

 
7,908

Prepaid taxes and income tax receivable
 
4,877

 
1,760

Other current assets
 
3,646

 
6,456

Current assets held for sale
 
168,953

 
169,401

Total current assets
 
274,636

 
306,810

Property, plant and equipment (less accumulated depreciation of $146,735 at June 30, 2016 and $145,137 at December 31, 2015)
 
27,828

 
28,136

Goodwill
 
73,179

 
69,699

Other intangible assets (less accumulated amortization of $1,061 at June 30, 2016 and $650 at December 31, 2015)
 
3,713

 
4,123

Other assets (including deferred income taxes of $4,691 at June 30, 2016 and $3,000 at December 31, 2015)
 
7,061

 
5,645

Total assets
 
$
386,417

 
$
414,413


 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 

 
 

Current liabilities
 
 

 
 

Current maturities of long-term debt
 
$
69,736

 
$
3,000

Accounts payable
 
32,988

 
36,513

Accrued payroll and related expenses
 
9,479

 
7,416

Deferred revenue and customer advances
 
5,249

 
6,240

Income taxes payable
 
816

 
1,246

Customer postage and program deposits
 
12,382

 
12,513

Other current liabilities
 
4,670

 
6,342

Current liabilities held for sale
 
23,697

 
24,862

Total current liabilities
 
159,017

 
98,132

Long-term debt
 

 
74,105

Pensions
 
54,224

 
55,491

Contingent consideration
 
21,059

 
20,277

Other long-term liabilities (including deferred income taxes of $22,254 at June 30, 2016 and $20,672 at December 31, 2015)
 
26,999

 
26,092

Total liabilities
 
261,299

 
274,097

Stockholders’ equity
 
 

 
 

Common stock, $1 par value, 250,000,000 shares authorized 120,398,225 shares issued at June 30, 2016 and 120,146,720 shares issued at December 31, 2015
 
120,398

 
120,147

Additional paid-in capital
 
352,714

 
353,050

Retained earnings
 
958,387

 
973,538

Less treasury stock, 58,907,485 shares at cost at June 30, 2016 and 58,879,742 shares at cost at December 31, 2015
 
(1,262,282
)
 
(1,262,859
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(44,099
)
 
(43,560
)
Total stockholders’ equity
 
125,118

 
140,316

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
386,417

 
$
414,413

See Accompanying Notes to Financial Statements

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Table of Contents

Harte Hanks, Inc. and Subsidiaries Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
In thousands, except per share amounts
 
2016
 
2015
Operating revenues
 
$
97,317

 
$
109,175

Operating expenses
 
 

 
 

Labor
 
62,930

 
57,431

Production and distribution
 
27,427

 
35,088

Advertising, selling, general and administrative
 
10,934

 
10,422

Depreciation, software and intangible asset amortization
 
3,201

 
3,195

Total operating expenses
 
104,492

 
106,136

Operating income (loss)
 
(7,175
)
 
3,039

Other expenses
 
 

 
 

Interest expense, net
 
2,400

 
1,468

Loss on Sale
 

 
9,501

Other, net
 
111

 
683

Total other expenses
 
2,511

 
11,652

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes
 
(9,686
)
 
(8,613
)
Income tax benefit
 
(2,774
)
 
(1,923
)
Loss from continuing operations
 
$
(6,912
)
 
$
(6,690
)
 
 
 
 
 
Income from discontinued operations, net of income taxes
 
$
2,649

 
$
2,518

 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(4,263
)
 
$
(4,172
)

 
 
 
 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
(0.11
)
Discontinued operations
 
0.04

 
0.04

Basic earnings (loss) per common share
 
$
(0.07
)
 
$
(0.07
)

 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
 
61,460

 
61,843


 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
(0.11
)
Discontinued operations
 
0.04

 
0.04

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
 
$
(0.07
)
 
$
(0.07
)

 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common and common equivalent shares outstanding
 
61,460

 
61,843


 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(4,263
)
 
$
(4,172
)
 
 
 
 
 
Declared dividends per share
 
$

 
$
0.09


 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 

 
 

Adjustment to pension liability
 
$
357

 
$
934

Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(949
)
 
1,386

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
(592
)
 
2,320

Comprehensive loss
 
$
(4,855
)
 
$
(1,852
)
 
See Accompanying Notes to Financial Statements


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Table of Contents

Harte Hanks, Inc. and Subsidiaries Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
In thousands, except per share amounts
 
2016
 
2015
Operating revenues
 
$
196,880

 
$
218,490

Operating expenses
 
 

 
 

Labor
 
125,968

 
116,583

Production and distribution
 
57,306

 
70,781

Advertising, selling, general and administrative
 
23,577

 
22,170

Depreciation, software and intangible asset amortization
 
6,237

 
6,175

Total operating expenses
 
213,088

 
215,709

Operating income (loss)
 
(16,208
)
 
2,781

Other (income) and expenses
 
 

 
 

Interest expense, net
 
3,781

 
2,069

Loss on Sale
 

 
9,501

Other, net
 
(624
)
 
281

Total other expenses
 
3,157

 
11,851

Loss from continuing operations before income taxes
 
(19,365
)
 
(9,070
)
Income tax benefit
 
(5,506
)
 
(1,976
)
Loss from continuing operations
 
$
(13,859
)
 
$
(7,094
)
 
 
 
 
 
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax
 
$
3,993

 
$
4,536

 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(9,866
)
 
$
(2,558
)
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(0.23
)
 
$
(0.11
)
Discontinued operations
 
0.07

 
0.07

Basic earnings (loss) per common share
 
$
(0.16
)
 
$
(0.04
)
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
 
61,395

 
61,858

 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(0.23
)
 
$
(0.11
)
Discontinued operations
 
0.07

 
0.07

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
 
$
(0.16
)
 
$
(0.04
)
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common and common equivalent shares outstanding
 
61,395

 
61,858

 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(9,866
)
 
$
(2,558
)
 
 
 
 
 
Declared dividends per share
 
$
0.09

 
$
0.17

 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 

 
 

Adjustment to pension liability
 
$
880

 
$
1,741

Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(1,419
)
 
(101
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
(539
)
 
1,640

Comprehensive loss
 
$
(10,405
)
 
$
(918
)
  
See Accompanying Notes to Financial Statements

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Harte Hanks, Inc. and Subsidiaries Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
In thousands
 
2016
 
2015
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
 
 

 
 

Net income (loss)
 
$
(9,866
)
 
$
(2,558
)
Less: income from discontinued operations, net of tax
 
3,993

 
4,536

Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
(13,859
)
 
(7,094
)
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities
 
 

 
 
Loss on sale
 

 
9,501

Depreciation and software amortization
 
5,826

 
5,917

Intangible asset amortization
 
411

 
259

Stock-based compensation
 
1,607

 
2,567

Net pension cost (payments)
 
200

 
(139
)
Interest accretion on contingent consideration
 
1,029

 
861

Discount Amortization
 
367

 
564

Deferred income taxes
 
1,651

 
712

Other, net
 
(219
)
 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
 


 
 

Decrease in accounts receivable, net
 
28,173

 
18,129

(Increase) decrease in inventory
 
(278
)
 
141

Increase in prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
(2,847
)
 
(733
)
Increase (decrease) in accounts payable
 
(3,452
)
 
(368
)
Decrease in other accrued expenses and liabilities
 
(1,920
)
 
(5,834
)
Net cash provided by continuing operations
 
16,689

 
24,483

Net cash provided by discontinued operations
 
5,098

 
2,279

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
21,787

 
26,762

 
 
 
 
 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
 
0

 
 

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
 
(3,500
)
 
(29,862
)
Dispositions, net of cash transferred
 

 
4,974

Purchases of property, plant and equipment
 
(5,651
)
 
(4,209
)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment
 
80

 
477

Net cash used by investing activities within continuing operations
 
(9,071
)
 
(28,620
)
Net cash flows by investing activities within discontinued operations
 
(1,822
)
 
(1,764
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(10,893
)
 
(30,384
)

 
 
 
 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
 
 

 
 

Borrowings
 
92,269

 

Repayment of borrowings
 
(97,816
)
 
(9,187
)
Debt financing costs
 
(2,189
)
 

Issuance of common stock
 
(184
)
 
(403
)
Purchase of treasury stock
 

 
(2,343
)
Issuance of treasury stock
 
67

 
127

Dividends paid
 
(5,285
)
 
(10,658
)
Net cash used in financing activities of continuing operations
 
(13,138
)
 
(22,464
)

 
 
 
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
(1,419
)
 
(101
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
 
(3,663
)
 
(26,187
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
16,564

 
53,331

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
12,901

 
$
27,144


See Accompanying Notes to Financial Statements

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Table of Contents

Harte Hanks, Inc. and Subsidiaries Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity
(Unaudited)
In thousands, except per share amounts
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2014
 
$
119,607

 
$
346,239

 
$
1,165,707

 
$
(1,257,648
)
 
$
(47,229
)
 
$
326,676

Exercise of stock options and release of unvested shares
 
312

 
(102
)
 

 
(595
)
 

 
(385
)
Net tax effect of stock options exercised and release of unvested shares
 

 
(1,269
)
 

 

 

 
(1,269
)
Stock-based compensation
 

 
2,568

 

 

 

 
2,568

Dividends paid ($0.17 per share)
 

 

 
(10,658
)
 

 

 
(10,658
)
Treasury stock issued
 

 
(18
)
 

 
127

 

 
109

Purchase of treasury stock
 

 

 

 
(2,343
)
 

 
(2,343
)
Net loss
 

 

 
(2,558
)
 

 

 
(2,558
)
Other comprehensive income
 

 

 

 

 
1,640

 
1,640

Balance at June 30, 2015
 
$
119,919

 
$
347,418

 
$
1,152,491

 
$
(1,260,459
)
 
$
(45,589
)
 
$
313,780

In thousands, except per share amounts
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2015
 
$
120,147

 
$
353,050

 
$
973,538

 
$
(1,262,859
)
 
$
(43,560
)
 
$
140,316

Exercise of stock options and release of unvested shares
 
251

 
(251
)
 

 
(184
)
 

 
(184
)
Net tax effect of stock options exercised and release of unvested shares
 

 
(914
)
 

 

 

 
(914
)
Stock-based compensation
 

 
1,523

 

 

 

 
1,523

Dividends paid ($0.085 per share)
 

 

 
(5,285
)
 

 

 
(5,285
)
Treasury stock issued
 

 
(694
)
 

 
761

 


 
67

Net loss
 

 

 
(9,866
)
 

 


 
(9,866
)
Other comprehensive loss
 

 

 

 

 
(539
)
 
(539
)
Balance at June 30, 2016
 
$
120,398

 
$
352,714

 
$
958,387

 
$
(1,262,282
)
 
$
(44,099
)
 
$
125,118

 
See Accompanying Notes to Financial Statements

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Table of Contents

Harte Hanks, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Note A - Basis of Presentation

Consolidation

The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Harte Hanks, Inc. and subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. As used in this report, the terms “Harte Hanks,” “the company,” “we,” “us,” or “our” may refer to Harte Hanks, Inc., one or more of its consolidated subsidiaries, or all of them taken as a whole.

Interim Financial Information

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2016. The information included in this Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.
 
Discontinued Operations

As discussed in Note M, Discontinued Operations, the operating results of our Trillium Software ("Trillium") reporting unit are classified as held for sale and reported as discontinued operations for all periods presented in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.  Unless otherwise stated, amounts related to the Trillium Software operations are excluded from the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for all periods presented. Results of the remaining Harte Hanks business are reported as continuing operations.

Reclassifications

Certain amounts in the financial statements for the prior years have been reclassified to conform to the current year's presentation.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results and outcomes could differ from those estimates and assumptions. On an ongoing basis, management reviews its estimates based on currently available information. Changes in facts and circumstances could result in revised estimates and assumptions.

Operating Expense Presentation in Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

“Labor” in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) includes all employee payroll and benefits, including stock-based compensation, along with temporary labor costs. “Production and distribution” and “Advertising, selling, general and administrative” do not include labor, depreciation, or amortization.

Note B - Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In March 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-based Payment Accounting, which requires entities with share-based payment awards to recognize all related excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies as income tax expenses or benefit in the income statement. This ASU is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted. We are evaluating the effect that this will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.


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In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, which requires all operating leases to be recorded on the balance sheet. The lessee will record a liability for its lease obligations (initially measured at the present value of the future lease payments not yet paid over the lease term, and an asset for its right to use the underlying asset equal to the lease liability, adjusted for lease payments made at or before lease commencement). This ASU is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. We are evaluating the effect that this will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Interest-Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs, which requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those annual periods. As a result, in conjunction with the closing of the 2016 Term Facility and 2016 Revolving Credit Facility, we recorded $2.2 million in unamortized debt discount and debt issuance costs as a reduction of the total debt balance. We also reclassified $0.2 million in unamortized debt issuance costs as a reduction of the debt balance as of December 31, 2015 that were previously included in Other Assets (see Note E, Long-Term Debt).

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-05, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other-Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement, which provides explicit guidance to help companies evaluate the accounting for fees paid by a customer in a cloud computing arrangement. This ASU is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In January 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-01, Income Statement - Extraordinary and Unusual Items (Subtopic 225-20):  Simplifying Income Statement Presentation by Eliminating the Concept of Extraordinary Items, which eliminates the concept of extraordinary items from U.S. GAAP as part of its simplification initiative.  The ASU does not affect disclosure guidance for events or transactions that are unusual in nature or infrequent in their occurrence. The ASU is effective for interim and annual periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015. The ASU allows prospective or retrospective application. Early adoption is permitted if applied from the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements; however, future impact on the company will be dependent on any transaction or event that is within the scope of the new guidance.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The ASU will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP when it becomes effective. The standard permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. On July 9, 2015, the FASB decided to delay the effective date of the new revenue standard by one year. The new effective date is for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted beginning January 1, 2017 (original effective date of the ASU). We are evaluating the effect that ASU 2014-09 and the related clarifying updates will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. We have not yet selected a transition method nor have we determined the effect of the standard on our ongoing financial reporting.

Note C - Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs used in valuation methodologies into three levels:
Level 1
Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
 
 
Level 2
Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
 
 
Level 3
Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
 
Because of their maturities and/or variable interest rates, certain financial instruments have fair values approximating their carrying values. These instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and trade payables. The assumptions used to determine the fair value of our reporting units in Step One of our goodwill impairment test are disclosed in Note D, Goodwill. The fair value of our outstanding debt is disclosed in Note E, Long-Term Debt. Our calculation of goodwill

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using the residual purchase price methodology and the acquisition related contingent consideration accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis is disclosed in Note L, Acquisition and Disposition.

Note D — Goodwill
 
As of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, we had goodwill of $73.2 million and $69.7 million, respectively.
 
On March 4, 2016, the company completed the purchase of substantially all of the assets of Aleutian Consulting, Inc. The company performed a valuation to determine the estimate of the total purchase consideration and to estimate values for the tangible and identifiable intangible assets. As a result of the calculation, we recorded $3.5 million in goodwill. The residual purchase price methodology used in the calculation relied on management's assumptions. These assumptions, which are significant to the calculated fair values, are considered Level 3 inputs under the fair value hierarchy established by ASC 350, as they are unobservable. This goodwill will be tax deductible.

On March 16, 2015 the company acquired the stock of 3Q Digital, Inc., a digital marketing agency. The company paid some consideration upon closing, with additional consideration payable upon the achievement of revenue performance goals over the three-year period following the closing. The company performed a valuation to determine the estimate of the total purchase consideration and to estimate values for the tangible and identifiable intangible assets. As a result of the calculation, we recorded $41.8 million of goodwill.
 
Under the provisions of FASB ASC 350, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (ASC 350), goodwill is tested for impairment at least annually, or more frequently if events or circumstances indicate that it is “more likely than not” that goodwill might be impaired. Such events could include a significant change in business conditions, a significant negative regulatory outcome or other events that could negatively affect our business and financial performance. We perform our annual goodwill impairment assessment as of November 30th of each year for each of our reporting units.

We continuously monitor potential triggering events, including changes in the business climate in which we operate, attrition of key personnel, the current volatility in the capital markets, the company’s market capitalization compared to our book value, our recent operating performance, and financial projections. During the quarter ended June 30, 2016, as a result of continued revenue declines and a sustained decline in stock price/overall market capitalization, the company identified that a triggering event had occurred. In accordance with ASC 350, we determined that an interim Step One impairment test of Customer Interaction and Trillium Software goodwill was warranted. The fair value of each reporting unit was estimated using both the income approach and market approach models. For both the Customer Interaction and the Trillium Software reporting units we concluded from the analysis that fair value was estimated to be more than the carrying value, including goodwill. The company determined that no impairment exists for the goodwill balance with respect to the Customer Interaction or Trillium Software reporting units.

The models used to value the Customer Interaction and Trillium Software reporting units in the Step One calculation relied on management's assumptions. These assumptions, which are significant to the calculated fair values, are considered Level 3 inputs under the fair value hierarchy established by ASC 820, as they are unobservable. The assumptions in the Step One test include discount rate, revenue growth rates, tax rates, operating margins, expected free cash flows, residual value beyond the projection period, and valuation multiples.

We will continue to monitor for potential triggering events that may require consideration of a Step One analysis. The occurrence of one or more triggering events could require additional impairment testing, which could result in impairment charges in the future.

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill are as follows:
In thousands
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2015
 
$
218,972

Additions to goodwill
 
3,480

Transfers to current assets held for sale
 
(149,273
)
Balance at June 30, 2016
 
$
73,179


Goodwill to be disposed of in the event of a Trillium Software disposition was included in "Current assets held for sale" on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015. Goodwill attributable to Trillium Software is disclosed in Note M, Discontinued Operations.


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Note E — Long-Term Debt
 
On March 10, 2016, we entered into a secured credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. as Administrative Agent, consisting of a maximum $65.0 million revolving credit facility (the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility) and a $45.0 million term loan facility (the 2016 Term Loan, and together with the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility, the Secured Credit Facilities). The Secured Credit Facilities are secured by substantially all of the company's assets and guaranteed by its material domestic subsidiaries. The Secured Credit Facilities will be used for general corporate purposes, and were used to replace, and repay remaining outstanding balances on, the company's (i) 2013 Revolving Credit Facility, and (ii) 2011 Term Loan Facility. The credit and guarantee agreements related to the 2013 Revolving Credit Facility and 2011 Term Loan Facility were likewise terminated.

The 2016 Revolving Credit Facility allows for borrowings up to the lesser of (a) $65.0 million or (b) the sum of (i) 85.0% of eligible domestic accounts receivable, (ii) subject to certain sublimits, 85.0% of eligible foreign accounts receivable, and (iii) the lower of (x) $15.0 million or (y) 85.0% of eligible unbilled accounts receivable, all of which are subject to customary reserves and eligibility criteria. The outstanding amount of the 2016 Term Loan is repayable, on a monthly basis, in an amount equal to 1/120th of its original principal amount. Any amount remaining unpaid will be due and payable in full on the Maturity Date March 10, 2021. So long as an established amount of availability under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility is maintained (described below), the 2016 Term Loan may be prepaid in whole or in part at any time, subject to prior written notice and payment of a prepayment premium (3.0% in the first year, 2.0% in the second year, and 1.0% in the third year) of the outstanding principal balance of the amount of the 2016 Term Loan prepaid during such year.

The 2016 Term Loan is subject to mandatory prepayments from the net proceeds of certain asset dispositions (subject to limited customary reinvestment exceptions), and the incurrence of certain indebtedness, which prepayments are subject to the prepayment premium. Additionally, if our leverage ratio is greater than 2.0 to 1 in 2016 or 1.75 to 1 in any subsequent year, the 2016 Term Loan is subject to mandatory prepayments in an amount equal to 50.0% of our excess cash flow. Prepayments made with respect to excess cash flow are not subject to the prepayment premium. Voluntary prepayments of the 2016 Term Loan and mandatory prepayments of the 2016 Term Loan from excess cash flow are not permitted if availability under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility is less than the greater of (a) 13.5% of the maximum amount of the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility and (b) $14.9 million with respect to voluntary prepayments, and the greater of 10.0% of the maximum amount of the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility and $11.0 million with respect to excess cash flow payments.

The loans under the Secured Credit Facilities will accrue interest at a rate equal to, at the company's option, (i) the base rate plus the applicable margin, or (b) the LIBOR rate (as defined and limited in the Secured Credit Facilities) plus the applicable margin. The base rate is the greatest of (i) the prime lending rate as publicly announced from time to time by Wells Fargo, (ii) the federal funds rate plus 0.5%, and (iii) the LIBOR rate for one month interest plus 1.0% per annum. The applicable margin for the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility is determined based upon the amount available to be borrowed under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility in excess of trade payables aged in excess of historical levels and book overdrafts and ranges between 1.0 to 1.5% for loans accruing interest at the base rate and 2.0 to 2.5% for loans accruing interest at the LIBOR rate. The applicable margin for the 2016 Term Loan is 7.22% for loans accruing interest at the LIBOR rate and 6.22% for loans accruing interest at the base rate. The interest rates have been increased by 1.0% pursuant to our amendment, as further described below. We also pay an unused line of credit fee in an amount between 0.25 and 0.375% on the unused capacity on the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility outstanding amount.

Under the Secured Credit Facilities, we are required to maintain certain financial covenants: a fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.0 to 1 for the 12 month period at each month through June 30, 2016 and 1.1 to 1 for the 12 month period at each month end thereafter; a leverage ratio of 2.25 to 1 at each month end from March 31, 2016 to December 31, 2016 and 2.0 to 1 at each month end thereafter; a minimum rolling four quarter period ending recurring revenue amount of $35.0 million at each quarter end from March 31, 2016 to September 30, 2016, and increasing quarterly from $35.2 million to $42.8 million each quarter thereafter; and capital expenditures not to exceed $14.0 million for the period from March 10, 2016 to December 31, 2016, and each fiscal year thereafter.

The Secured Credit Facilities also contain customary covenants restricting the company and its subsidiaries’ ability to create, incur, assume or become liable to indebtedness; create, incur or assume liens; consummate acquisitions; liquidate, dissolve, suspend, or cease subsidiaries or a substantial portion of the business; convey, sell, lease, license, assign, transfer or dispose of assets; change the nature of business; make prepayments and amendments to other obligations and indebtedness; pay dividends and distributions and repurchase capital stock; modify accounting methods (other than as required by U.S. GAAP); make or acquire investments; enter into certain transactions with affiliates; use proceeds; issue equity interests; and amend, increase, fail to pay amounts due to, or terminate certain employee benefits, including a pension plan or multi-employer plan.

The Secured Credit Facilities include certain customary representations and warranties, affirmative covenants and events of default, including payment defaults, breach of representations and warranties, covenant defaults, cross-defaults to certain

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indebtedness, certain events of bankruptcy, certain events under ERISA, material judgments and a change of control. If an event of default occurs, the administrative agent, at the direction of the lenders under the Secured Credit Facilities, will be entitled to take various actions, including the acceleration of all amounts due under the Secured Credit Facilities and all actions permitted to be taken by a secured creditor.

As of April 30, 2016, the company was not in compliance with the Secured Credit Facilities' minimum fixed charge coverage ratio or leverage ratio for the period. For the May 1, 2015 to April 30, 2016 covenant reference period, our fixed charge coverage ratio was 0.9 to 1 as compared with the covenant minimum of 1.0 to 1 and our leverage ratio was 2.28 to 1 as compared to the covenant minimum of 2.25 to 1. On August 5, 2016, we entered into a Waiver and second Amendment to Credit Agreement (the "Amendment"). Any covenant violation related to the fixed charge coverage ratio and leverage ratio existing during the period ending June 30, 2016 was waived by Wells Fargo as part of the Amendment. The Amendment waived the fixed charge coverage ratio and the leverage ratio until September 30, 2016. The company will be required to meet a minimum adjusted EBITDA amount that increases month to month starting at $0.5 million for the two month period ending June 30, 2016 and increasing monthly until it is $24.0 million for the period ending April 30, 2017 and each twelve month period ending each month after that. The Amendment also increased the interest rate applicable to the Revolver and Term loan by 1.0% effective May 31, 2016.

In accordance with ASC 470, Classification of Long-Term Debt Upon Violation of a Covenant as of the Balance Sheet Date, because the covenant violation would have given Wells Fargo the right to call the debt as of June 30, 2016 absent the Amendment, and because it is not probable that the company will be able to cure all events of default by complying with all of the covenants at future measurement dates within the next 12 months, we have classified the Secured Credit Facilities balance as "Current maturities of long-term debt" as of June 30, 2016.

Our long-term debt obligations were as follows:
 
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
In thousands
 
2016
 
2015
2016 Revolving Credit Facility, various interest rates based on the Base rate, due March 10, 2021 ($10.4 million capacity and effective rate of 4.75% at June 30, 2016)
 
$
27,515

 
N/A

2016 Term Loan Facility, various interest rates based on the Base rate plus the applicable margin (effective rate of 9.72% at June 30, 2016), due March 10, 2021
 
44,250

 
N/A

2013 Revolving Credit Facility ($60.6 million capacity), various interest rates based on the highest of (a) the Agent's prime rate, (b) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.50% per annum, or (c) Eurodollar rate plus 1.00% per annum, plus a spread with is determined based on our total debt-to-EBITDA ratio then in effect, due August 16, 2016 (effective rate of 4.75% at December 31, 2015)
 
N/A

 
13,000

2011 Term Loan Facility, various interest rates based on LIBOR (effective rate of 2.42% at December 31, 2015), due August 16, 2016
 
N/A

 
64,313

Less: unamortized discount and debt issuance costs
 
(2,029
)
 
(208
)
Total debt
 
69,736

 
77,105

Less current maturities
 
69,736

 
3,000

Total long-term debt
 
$

 
$
74,105

 
The carrying values and estimated fair values of our outstanding debt were as follows:
 
 
June 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
In thousands
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair Value
Total Debt
 
$
69,736

 
$
69,736

 
$
77,105

 
$
77,105

 
Based on the recent entry into the Secured Credit Facilities, carrying values estimate fair value. These current rates are considered Level 2 inputs under the fair value hierarchy established by ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, as they are based upon information obtained from third party banks.


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Note F — Stock-Based Compensation
 
We recognized $1.6 million and $2.6 million of stock-based compensation expense during the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. All stock-based awards granted during the six months ended June 30, 2016 were granted under the 2013 Omnibus Incentive Plan (2013 Plan) or as inducement awards.

Stock Options

Stock options granted under the 2013 Plan or as inducement awards become exercisable in 25% increments on the first four anniversaries of the grant date, and expire on the tenth anniversary of their grant date. Options are granted at an exercise price equal to the market value of the common stock on the grant date. Options granted prior to the 2013 Plan will remain outstanding in accordance with their respective terms.

The following table summarizes all stock option activity for the six months ended June 30, 2016:
 
 
Number of
Shares
 
Weighted-
Average Grant-
Date Fair Value
 
Weighted-Average Remaining Contractual Term (Years)
Balance as of December 31, 2015
 
4,602,746

 
8.74

 
 
Granted
 
120,371

 
2.85

 
 
Exercised
 

 

 
 
Forfeited
 
(300,332
)
 
7.54

 
 
Vested options expired
 
(326,134
)
 
18.47

 
 
Balance as of June 30, 2016
 
4,096,651

 
7.88

 
5.93
Exercisable as of June 30, 2016
 
2,551,045

 
10.02

 
3.27

As of June 30, 2016, there was $2.1 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock options. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.61 years.

Unvested Shares

Unvested shares granted under the 2013 Plan or as inducement awards vest in three equal increments on the first three anniversaries of their grant date. Unvested shares settle solely in common stock and are treated as equity.

The following table summarizes all unvested share activity for the six months ended June 30, 2016:
 
 
Number of
Shares
 
Weighted-
Average Grant-
Date Fair Value
Balance as of December 31, 2015
 
962,446

 
$
6.57

Granted
 
690,508

 
2.71

Vested
 
(251,505
)
 
7.70

Forfeited
 
(122,277
)
 
7.66

Unvested shares outstanding at June 30, 2016
 
1,279,172

 
$
4.16


As of June 30, 2016, there was $4.7 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested shares. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.13 years.

Performance Stock Units

Performance stock units vest in a range between 0% to 100% based upon certain performance criteria in a three year period. At the end of the performance period, the number of shares paid will be based on our performance versus the target. Performance stock units settle solely in common stock and are treated as equity.

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The following table summarizes all performance stock unit activity for the six months ended June 30, 2016:
 
 
Number of
Shares
 
Weighted-
Average Grant-
Date Fair Value
Balance as of December 31, 2015
 
701,384

 
$
4.51

Granted
 
473,000

 
1.9

Settled
 

 

Forfeited
 
(197,647
)
 
6.88

Performance stock units outstanding at June 30, 2016
 
976,737

 
$
2.76


As of June 30, 2016, there was $1.5 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to performance stock units. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.66 years.

Phantom Stock Units

During the six months ended June 30, 2016, the Board approved grants of phantom stock units under the 2013 Plan. Units vest in 25% increments on the first four anniversaries of the grant date. Phantom stock units settle solely in cash and are treated as a liability.

The following table summarizes all phantom stock activity for the six months ended June 30, 2016:
 
 
Number of
Shares
 
Weighted-
Average Grant-
Date Fair Value
Balance as of December 31, 2015
 

 
$

Granted
 
781,645

 
2.69

Exercised
 

 

Forfeited
 

 

Phantom stock units outstanding at June 30, 2016
 
781,645

 
$
2.69


As of June 30, 2016, there was $1.2 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to phantom stock. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 3.79 years. Changes in our stock price will result in adjustments to compensation expense and the corresponding liability over the applicable service period.

Cash Performance Stock Units

During the six months ended June 30, 2016, the Board approved grants of cash performance stock units under the 2013 Plan. Cash performance stock units vest in a range between 0% to 100% based upon certain performance criteria measured at December 31, 2018. At the end of the performance period, the number of shares value paid will be based on our performance versus the target. Cash performance stock units settle solely in cash and are treated as a liability.

The following table summarizes all cash performance stock unit activity for the six months ended June 30, 2016:
 
 
Number of
Shares
 
Weighted-
Average Grant-
Date Fair Value
Balance as of December 31, 2015
 

 
$

Granted
 
512,127

 
2.69

Settled
 

 

Forfeited
 

 

Cash performance stock units outstanding at June 30, 2016
 
512,127

 
$
2.69


As of June 30, 2016, there was $0.8 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to cash performance stock units. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately 2.63 years. Changes in our stock price and estimated level of performance will result in adjustments to compensation expense and the corresponding liability over the applicable service period.

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Note G — Components of Net Periodic Benefit Cost
 
Prior to January 1, 1999, we maintained a defined benefit pension plan for which most of our employees were eligible (the Qualified Pension Plan). We elected to freeze benefits under the Qualified Pension Plan as of December 31, 1998.
 
In 1994, we adopted a non-qualified, unfunded, supplemental pension plan (the Restoration Pension Plan) covering certain employees, which provides for incremental pension payments so that total pension payments equal those amounts that would have been payable from our Qualified Pension Plan were it not for limitations imposed by income tax regulation. The benefits under the Restoration Pension Plan were intended to provide benefits equivalent to our Qualified Pension Plan as if such plan had not been frozen. We elected to freeze benefits under the Restoration Pension Plan as of April 1, 2014.

Net pension cost for both plans included the following components:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
In thousands
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Interest cost
 
$
1,951

 
$
1,931

 
$
3,901

 
$
3,862

Expected return on plan assets
 
(2,061
)
 
(2,159
)
 
(4,122
)
 
(4,319
)
Recognized actuarial loss
 
596

 
1,557

 
1,193

 
3,114

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
486

 
$
1,329

 
$
972

 
$
2,657

 
The period over which the net loss from the Qualified Pension Plan is amortized into net periodic benefit cost has been changed effective in 2016 from the average future service of active participants (approximately 9 years) to the average future lifetime of all participants (approximately 24 years). This change reflects that the Qualified Pension Plan is frozen and that almost all of the plan's participants are not active employees.

We are not required to make, and do not intend to make, any contributions to our Qualified Pension Plan in 2016. Based on current estimates we will not be required to make any contributions to our Qualified Pension Plan until 2018.

We are not required to make, and do not intend to make, any contributions to our Restoration Pension Plan in 2016 other than to the extent needed to cover benefit payments. We made benefit payments under this supplemental plan of $0.4 million and $0.8 million in the three and six months ended June 30, 2016. In the event of a change of control, as defined in the plan document, the Restoration Pension Plan is required to be fully funded.

Note H - Income Taxes
 
Our three months ended June 30, 2016 income tax benefit of $2.8 million resulted in an effective income tax rate of 28.6%. Our six months ended June 30, 2016 income tax benefit of $5.5 million resulted in an effective income tax rate of 28.4%. We have historically, including for 2015, calculated the provision for income taxes during interim reporting periods by applying an estimate of the annual effective tax rate for the full calendar year to ordinary income or loss for the reporting period. However, we have used a discrete effective tax rate method to calculate income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 because we determined that small changes in estimated ordinary income would result in significant changes in the estimated annual effective tax rate, such that the historical method would not provide a reliable estimate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016. The effective income tax benefit calculated for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 differs from the federal statutory rate of 35.0%, primarily due to the nondeductible interest associated with the 3Q earn out and foreign tax credit limitations on dividends paid from foreign subsidiaries.

Our three months ended June 30, 2015 income tax benefit of $1.9 million resulted in an effective income tax rate of 22.3%. Our six months ended June 30, 2015 income tax benefit of $2.0 million resulted in an effective income tax rate of 21.8%. Our effective tax rate was derived by estimating pretax income and income tax expense for the year ending December 31, 2015. Excluding the impact of the loss on sale and discrete items related to enacted state and local tax legislation, our effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 would have been 46.4% and 47.8%, respectively. The effective income tax rate calculated for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015 excluding the impact of the loss on sale and discrete items related to enacted legislation differs from the federal statutory rate of 35.0%, primarily due to the nondeductible interest associated with the 3Q earn out and the addition of state income taxes.

Harte Hanks, or one of our subsidiaries, files income tax returns in the U.S. federal, U.S. state, and foreign jurisdictions. For U.S. state returns, we are no longer subject to tax examinations for tax years prior to 2011. For U.S. federal and foreign returns, we are no longer subject to tax examinations for tax years prior to 2012.

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We have elected to classify any interest expense and penalties related to income taxes within income tax expense in our Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss). We did not have a significant amount of interest or penalties accrued at June 30, 2016 or December 31, 2015.

Note I - Earnings Per Share
 
In periods in which the company has net income, the company is required to calculate earnings per share using the two-class method. The two-class method is required because the company's unvested shares are considered participating securities. Participating securities have the right to receive dividends should the company declare dividends on its common stock. Under the two-class method, undistributed and distributed earnings are allocated on a pro-rata basis to the common and restricted stockholders. The weighted-average number of common and restricted shares outstanding during the period is then used to calculate earnings per share (EPS) for each class of shares.

In periods in which the company has a net loss, basic loss per share is calculated using the treasury stock method. The treasury stock method is calculated by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. The two-class is method is not used, because the two-class calculation is anti-dilutive.

Reconciliations of basic and diluted EPS are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
In thousands, except per share amounts
 
2016
 
2015
Net loss
 
 

 
 

Loss from continuing operations
 
$
(6,912
)
 
$
(6,690
)
Income from discontinued operations
 
2,649

 
2,518

Net loss
 
$
(4,263
)
 
$
(4,172
)
 
 
 
 
 
Basic Earnings (Loss) per Common Share
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding used in earnings (loss) per share computations
 
61,460

 
61,843

 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
(0.11
)
Discontinued operations
 
0.04

 
0.04

Basic earnings (loss) per common share
 
$
(0.07
)
 
$
(0.07
)
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Common Share
 
 

 
 

Shares used in diluted earnings per common share computations
 
61,460

 
61,843

 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
(0.11
)
Discontinued operations
 
0.04

 
0.04

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
 
$
(0.07
)
 
$
(0.07
)
 
 
 
 
 
Computation of Shares Used in Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share
 
 

 
 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding
 
61,460

 
61,843

Weighted-average common equivalent shares-dilutive effect of stock options and awards
 

 

Shares used in diluted earnings (loss) per common share computations
 
61,460

 
61,843

 
4.2 million and 4.7 million of anti-dilutive market price options have been excluded from the calculation of shares used in the diluted EPS calculation for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. 1.2 million and 0.9 million anti-dilutive unvested shares were excluded from the calculation of shares used in the diluted EPS calculation for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

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.
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
In thousands, except per share amounts
 
2016
 
2015
Net loss
 
 
 
 
Loss from continuing operations
 
$
(13,859
)
 
$
(7,094
)
Income from discontinued operations
 
3,993

 
4,536

Net loss
 
$
(9,866
)
 
$
(2,558
)
 
 
 
 
 
Basic Earnings (Loss) per Common Share
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding used in earnings (loss) per share computations
 
61,395

 
61,858

 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(0.23
)
 
$
(0.11
)
Discontinued operations
 
0.07

 
0.07

Basic earnings (loss) per common share
 
$
(0.16
)
 
$
(0.04
)
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Common Share
 
 
 
 
Shares used in diluted earnings per common share computations
 
61,395

 
61,858

 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(0.23
)
 
$
(0.11
)
Discontinued operations
 
0.07

 
0.07

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
 
$
(0.16
)
 
$
(0.04
)
 
 
 
 
 
Computation of Shares Used in Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
 
61,395

 
61,858

Weighted-average common equivalent shares-dilutive effect of stock options and awards
 

 

Shares used in diluted earnings (loss) per common share computations
 
61,395

 
61,858


4.3 million and 4.4 million of anti-dilutive market price options have been excluded from the calculation of shares used in the diluted EPS calculation for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. 1.1 million and 0.8 million anti-dilutive unvested shares were excluded from the calculation of shares used in the diluted EPS calculation for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Note J — Comprehensive Income
 
Comprehensive income for a period encompasses net income and all other changes in equity other than from transactions with our stockholders. Our comprehensive income (loss) was as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
In thousands
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net loss
 
$
(4,263
)
 
$
(4,172
)
 
$
(9,866
)
 
$
(2,558
)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Adjustment to pension liability
 
596

 
1,557

 
1,466

 
2,902

Tax expense
 
(239
)
 
(623
)
 
(586
)
 
(1,161
)
Adjustment to pension liability, net of tax
 
357

 
934

 
880

 
1,741

Foreign currency translation adjustment
 
(949
)
 
1,386

 
(1,419
)
 
(101
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(592
)
 
2,320

 
(539
)
 
1,640


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total comprehensive loss
 
$
(4,855
)
 
$
(1,852
)
 
$
(10,405
)
 
$
(918
)

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Changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss by component are as follows:
In thousands
 
Defined
Benefit
Pension Items
 
Foreign
Currency
Items
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2015
 
$
(43,915
)
 
$
355

 
$
(43,560
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, before reclassifications
 

 
(1,419
)
 
(1,419
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
880

 

 
880

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
880

 
(1,419
)
 
(539
)
Balance at June 30, 2016
 
$
(43,035
)
 
$
(1,064
)
 
$
(44,099
)
In thousands
 
Defined
Benefit
Pension Items
 
Foreign
Currency
Items
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2014
 
$
(49,560
)
 
$
2,331

 
$
(47,229
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, before reclassifications
 

 
(101
)
 
(101
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
1,741

 

 
1,741

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
1,741

 
(101
)
 
1,640

Balance at June 30, 2015
 
$
(47,819
)
 
$
2,230

 
$
(45,589
)

Reclassification amounts related to the defined pension plans are included in the computation of net periodic pension benefit cost (see Note G, Components of Net Periodic Pension Benefit Cost).

Note K — Litigation Contingencies
 
In the normal course of our business, we are obligated under some agreements to indemnify our clients as a result of claims that we infringe on the proprietary rights of third parties. The terms and duration of these commitments vary and, in some cases, may be indefinite, and certain of these commitments do not limit the maximum amount of future payments we could become obligated to make thereunder; accordingly, our actual aggregate maximum exposure related to these types of commitments cannot be reasonably estimated. Historically, we have not been obligated to make significant payments for obligations of this nature, and no liabilities have been recorded for these obligations in our financial statements.
 
We are also currently subject to various other legal proceedings in the course of conducting our businesses and, from time to time, we may become involved in additional claims and lawsuits incidental to our businesses.

In the opinion of management, after consultation with counsel, none of these matters is currently considered to be reasonably possible of resulting in a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations. Nevertheless, we cannot predict the impact of future developments affecting our pending or future claims and lawsuits and any resolution of a claim or lawsuit within a particular fiscal quarter may adversely impact our results of operations for that quarter. We expense legal costs as incurred, and all recorded legal liabilities are adjusted as required as better information becomes available to us. The factors we consider when recording an accrual for contingencies include, among others: (i) the opinions and views of our legal counsel; (ii) our previous experience; and (iii) the decision of our management as to how we intend to respond to the complaints.

Note L — Acquisition and Disposition
 
On March 4, 2016, we completed the acquisition of Aleutian Consulting, which now operates as Harte Hanks Consulting. The results of Harte Hanks Consulting Operations have been included in our financial statements since that date and are reported in continuing operations. The purchase price was $3.5 million in cash. The fair value of the identified tangible assets residual purchase price methodology used in the calculation to determine goodwill allocation relied on management's assumptions. These assumptions, which are significant to the calculated fair values, are considered Level 3 inputs under the fair value hierarchy established by ASC 350, as they are unobservable.

On March 16, 2015, we completed the acquisition of 3Q Digital. The results of 3Q Digital’s operations have been included in our consolidated financial statements since that date and are reported in continuing operations. The initial purchase price was $30.2 million in cash. In addition, the purchase agreement includes a contingent consideration arrangement that requires

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us to pay the former owners of 3Q Digital an additional cash payment depending on achievement of certain revenue growth goals. The potential undiscounted amount of all future payments that could be required to be paid under the contingent consideration arrangement is between $0 and $35.0 million in cash in 2018.
 
The intangible assets include customer relationships, trade names and non-compete agreements.
 
The following table summarizes the consideration paid and the amounts of estimated fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date:
(in thousands)
 
 
Cash consideration per purchase agreement
 
$
30,245

Estimated fair value of contingent consideration
 
17,940

Fair value of total consideration
 
$
48,185

(in thousands)
 
 
Recognized amounts of tangible assets and liabilities:
 
 

Current assets
 
$
4,135

Property and equipment
 
164

Other assets
 
389

Current liabilities
 
(822
)
Other liabilities
 

Total tangible assets and liabilities:
 
3,866

Identifiable intangible assets
 
4,773

Goodwill (including deferred tax adjustment of $2,298)
 
41,845

Total
 
$
50,484

 
The fair value of the tangible net assets, identifiable intangible assets and goodwill recognized on acquisition is $48.2 million. The acquired intangible assets, which are being amortized, are as follows: customer relationships of $4.3 million (amortized over seven years), trade names and trademarks of $0.3 million (amortized over two years) and non-compete agreements of $0.2 million (amortized over three years).

In accordance with ASC 805-30-35, Business Combinations, Goodwill or gain from bargain purchase, including consideration transferred, we consider re-measurement of the contingent consideration at each reporting date until the contingency is resolved, with the changes in fair value recognized in earnings. We determined that a re-measurement was appropriate as of the end of the first quarter of 2016. As such, we determined that the contingent consideration fair value had decreased slightly, and recorded a $0.2 million adjustment to the present value of the liability during the first quarter of 2016. No additional adjustment was required during the three months ended June 30, 2016.
 
Significant assumptions were used in the fair value calculation of the contingent consideration, including (i) discount rate, (ii) weighted-average cost of capital, (iii) risk premium, and (iv) tax rate. These assumptions are considered Level 3 inputs under the fair value hierarchy established by FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. A reconciliation of the beginning and ending accrued balances of the contingent consideration from the acquisition date to the period ended June 30, 2016 follows:
(in thousands)
 
Fair Value
Contingent consideration at acquisition date
 
$
17,940

Accretion of interest
 
3,366

Adjustment to fair value
 
$
(247
)
Accrued earnout liability as of June 30, 2016
 
$
21,059

 
The purchase price has been allocated based on the estimated fair values of assets described above and are subject to achievement of revenue goals.
 
On April 14, 2015, Harte Hanks sold its B2B research business. The B2B research business represented less than 5% of our total 2014 revenues. The related asset group does not meet the criteria to be classified as a component of an entity.


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Note M — Discontinued Operations

On June 7, 2016, we announced that our Board of Directors had approved the exploration of strategic alternatives for our Trillium Software business. The decision was largely based on the prioritization of investments in support of optimizing our clients' customer journey across an omni-channel delivery platform, and the determination that the Trillium Software business is likely to be a better strategic fit and more valuable asset to other parties. We believe that a sale of the Trillium Software will allow the company to better focus on our core Customer Interaction businesses and moving towards growth.

Following the announcement, we began to actively market Trillium Software and expect to sell the business within one year. A divestiture of the historical reporting segment will have a major effect on our operations and financial results. In accordance with ASC 205, Discontinued Operations (as updated by ASU 2014-08, Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity) we recognized that we had met the criteria to classify Trillium Software as held for sale. As such, we have reclassified the financial results of Trillium Software as discontinued operations on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for all periods presented. In addition, assets and liabilities of the Trillium Software reporting unit are presented as held for sale on the Consolidated Balance Sheets and its cash flows are presented as discontinued operations on the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

The assets and liabilities held for sale at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were are follows:
 
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
In thousands
 
2016
 
2015
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
3,206

 
$
1,049

Accounts receivable, net
 
8,066

 
11,397

Prepaid expenses
 
1,844

 
1,640

Property, plant and equipment, net
 
6,293

 
5,777

Goodwill
 
149,273

 
149,273

Other current assets
 
271

 
265

Total current assets held for sale
 
$
168,953

 
$
169,401

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
1,702

 
$
1,774

Accrued payroll and related expenses
 
709

 
924

Deferred revenue and customer advances
 
19,954

 
21,186

Other current liabilities
 
1,332

 
978

Total current liabilities held for sale
 
$
23,697

 
$
24,862



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The financial results of discontinued operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015 were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
In thousands
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenue
 
$
12,711

 
$
13,170

 
$
23,871

 
$
25,028

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labor
 
5,202

 
5,005

 
10,503

 
10,516

Production and distribution
 
156

 
318

 
412

 
584

Advertising, selling, general and administrative
 
3,337

 
2,373

 
5,764

 
4,725

Depreciation and software amortization
 
589

 
456

 
1,101

 
913

Other, net
 
(385
)
 
835

 
178

 
838

Income from discontinued operations before income taxes
 
3,812

 
4,183

 
5,913

 
7,452

Income tax expense
 
1,163

 
1,665

 
1,920

 
2,916

Net income from discontinued operations
 
$
2,649

 
$
2,518

 
$
3,993

 
$
4,536



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Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
 
This report, including this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A), contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws.  All such statements are qualified by this cautionary note, which is provided pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Forward-looking statements may also be included in our other public filings, press releases, our website and oral and written presentations by management. Statements other than historical facts are forward-looking and may be identified by words such as “may,” “will,” “expects,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “estimates,” “seeks,” “could,” “intends,” or words of similar meaning. Examples include statements regarding (1) our strategies and initiatives related thereto, (2) adjustments to our cost structure and other actions designed to respond to market conditions and improve our performance, and the anticipated effectiveness and expenses associated with these actions, (3) our financial outlook for revenues, earnings per share, operating income, expense related to equity-based compensation, capital resources, and other financial items, (4) expectations for our businesses and for the industries in which we operate, including the impact of economic conditions of the markets we serve on the marketing expenditures and activities of our clients and prospects, (5) competitive factors, (6) acquisition and development plans, (7) expectations for and effects of acquired and disposed businesses, (8) our stock repurchase program, (9) expectations regarding legal proceedings and other contingent liabilities, and (10) other statements regarding future events, conditions, or outcomes.
 
These forward-looking statements are based on current information, expectations, and estimates and involve risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and other factors that are difficult to predict and that could cause actual results to vary materially from what is expressed in or indicated by the forward-looking statements. In that event, our business, financial condition, results of operations, or liquidity could be materially adversely affected and investors in our securities could lose part or all of their investments. Some of these risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and other factors can be found in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the factors discussed under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 and in the “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in our second quarter 2016 earnings release issued on August 9, 2016. The forward-looking statements included in this report and those included in our other public filings, press releases, our website, and oral and written presentations by management are made only as of the respective dates thereof, and we undertake no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statement in this report or in other documents, our website, or oral statements for any reason, even if new information becomes available or other events occur in the future.
 
Overview
 
The following MD&A section is intended to help the reader understand the results of operations and financial condition of Harte Hanks, Inc. This section is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, our financial statements and the accompanying notes to the financial statements contained elsewhere in this report and our MD&A section, financial statements, and accompanying notes to financial statements in our 2015 Form 10-K. Our 2015 Form 10-K contains a discussion of other matters not included herein, such as disclosures regarding critical accounting policies and estimates, and contractual obligations.
 
Harte Hanks partners with clients to deliver relevant, connected, and quality customer interactions. Our approach starts with discovery and learning, which leads to customer journey mapping, creative and content development, analytics, and data management, and ends with execution and support in a variety of digital and traditional channels. We do something powerful: we produce engaging and memorable customer interactions to drive business results for our clients, which is why Harte Hanks is famous for developing better customer relationships and experiences and defining interaction-led marketing.

Continuing Operations

Our Customer Interaction services offer a wide variety of integrated, multi-channel, data-driven solutions for top brands around the globe. We help our clients gain insight into their customers’ behaviors from their data and use that insight to create innovative multi-channel marketing programs to deliver a return on marketing investment. We believe our clients’ success is determined not only by how good their tools are, but how well we help them use the tools to gain insight and analyze their consumers. This results in a strong and enduring relationship between our clients and their customers. We offer a full complement of capabilities and resources to provide a broad range of marketing services, in media from direct mail to email, including:
 
agency and digital services;

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database marketing solutions and business-to-business lead generation;
direct mail; and
contact centers.
 
We derive revenues from continuing operations by providing Customer Interaction services. Revenues from continuing operations represented approximately 90% of our total revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
 
General corporate expense consists primarily of pension, worker’s compensation expense, and litigation items related to employees of business operations we no longer own.

Discontinued operations

Trillium Software is a leading enterprise data quality solutions provider. Our data quality specialists help organizations achieve increased business from their data management initiatives and existing business-critical processes by providing enterprise data profiling and data cleansing software and services. Trillium Software offers industry-specific business solutions that help solve data problems experienced by financial services, banking, retail, healthcare, manufacturing, and risk professionals. Our full complement of technologies and services include global data profiling, data cleansing, enrichment and data linking for e-business, Big Data, customer relationship management, data governance, enterprise resource planning, supply chain management, data warehouse, and other enterprise applications. Revenues from Trillium Software are comprised primarily of perpetual software licenses, annual maintenance, and professional services, and represented approximately 10% of our total revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
 
At June 30, 2016, Trillium Software met the criteria for classification as held for sale. As such, Trillium Software revenues are classified as discontinued operations. See Note M, Discontinued Operations, in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.
  
We are affected by the general, national, and international economic and business conditions in the markets where we and our customers operate. Marketing budgets are often discretionary in nature, and are easier to reduce in the short-term than other expenses in response to weak economic conditions. Our revenues are also affected by the economic fundamentals of each industry that we serve, various market factors, including the demand for services by our clients, and the financial condition of and budgets available to specific clients, among other factors. We remain committed to making the investments necessary to execute our multichannel strategy while also continuing to adjust our cost structure to reduce costs in the parts of the business that are not growing as fast. We believe these actions will improve our profitability in future periods.
 
Our principal operating expense items are labor, outsourced costs, and mail supply chain management.

Results of Continuing Operations
 
Operating results from continuing operations were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
In thousands
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
Revenues
 
$
97,317

 
$
109,175

 
(10.9
)%
 
$
196,880

 
$
218,490

 
(9.9
)%
Operating expenses
 
104,492

 
106,136

 
(1.5
)%
 
213,088

 
215,709

 
(1.2
)%
Operating income (loss) from continuing operations
 
$
(7,175
)
 
$
3,039

 
(336.1
)%
 
$
(16,208
)
 
$
2,781

 
(682.8
)%
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
Operating margin
 
(7.4
)%
 
2.8
%
 
 
 
(8.2
)%
 
1.3
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations before taxes
 
$
(9,686
)
 
$
(8,613
)
 
12.5
 %
 
$
(19,365
)
 
$
(9,070
)
 
113.5
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share from continuing operations
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
(0.11
)
 
0.0
 %
 
$
(0.23
)
 
$
(0.11
)
 
109.1
 %

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2nd Quarter 2016 vs. 2nd Quarter 2015
 
Revenues
 
Revenues from continuing operations decreased $11.9 million, or 10.9%, in the second quarter of 2016 compared to the second quarter of 2015. These results reflect the impact of our financial services, healthcare and pharmaceuticals, and retail verticals decreasing $2.4 million, or 13.8%, $3.2 million, or 30.5%, and $3.9 million, or 13.7%, respectively. This is primarily due to lost clients, clients reducing their marketing spends, and the sale of our B2B research business. Our select markets vertical also decreased $2.3 million, or 18.9%, compared to the second quarter of 2015. Revenues from our automobile and consumer brands and technology verticals were flat compared to the second quarter of 2015.

Revenues from our vertical markets are impacted by, among other things, the economic fundamentals of each industry, various market factors, including the demand for services by our clients, and the financial condition of, and budgets available to specific clients.
 
Operating Expenses
 
Operating expenses from continuing operations were $104.5 million in the second quarter of 2016, compared to $106.1 million in the second quarter of 2015. Labor costs increased $5.5 million, or 9.6%, compared to the second quarter of 2015 primarily due to increased severance and non-recurring database development labor expense. General and administrative expense increased $0.5 million, or 4.9%, compared to the prior year. These increases were offset by a decrease in production and distribution of $7.7 million, or 21.8%, compared to the prior year quarter primarily due to a decrease in outsourced services and job production expense. Depreciation and intangible asset and software amortization expense were flat compared to the second quarter of 2015.
 
Our largest cost components are labor, outsourced costs, and mail supply chain costs. Each of these costs are somewhat variable and tend to fluctuate with revenue and the demand for our services. Mail supply chain rates have increased over the last few years due to demand and supply issues within the transportation industry. Future changes in mail supply chain rates will continue to impact our total production costs and total operating expenses and may have an impact on future demand for our supply chain management.
 
Postage costs of mailings are borne by our clients and are not directly reflected in our revenues or expenses.

First Half 2016 vs. First Half 2015
 
Revenues
 
Revenues from continuing operations decreased $21.6 million, or 9.9%, in the first half of 2016 compared to the first half of 2015. These results reflect the impact of our technology, healthcare and pharmaceuticals, and retail verticals decreasing $3.5 million, or 7.0%, $5.9 million, or 26.8%, and $6.1 million, or 10.8%, respectively. This is primarily due to lost clients, clients reducing their marketing spends, and the sale of our B2B research business. Our financial services and select markets verticals also decreased $4.2 million, or 12.7%, and $2.4 million, or 11.2%, respectively in comparison to the first half of 2015. These decreases were slightly offset by an increase from our automobile and consumer brands vertical of $0.6 million, or 1.6%.

Revenues from our vertical markets are impacted by, among other things, the economic fundamentals of each industry, various market factors, including the demand for services by our clients, and the financial condition of, and budgets available to specific clients.
 
Operating Expenses
 
Overall operating expenses from continuing operations were $213.1 million in the first half of 2016, compared to $215.7 million in the first half of 2015. Labor costs increased $9.4 million, or 8.1%, compared to the second quarter of 2015 primarily due to increased severance and non-recurring database development labor expense. General and administrative expense increased $1.4 million, or 6.3%, compared to the prior year. Depreciation and intangible asset and software amortization expense increased $0.1 million, or 1.0%, compared to the second quarter of 2015. These increases were offset by a decrease in production and distribution of $13.5 million, or 19.0%, compared to the prior year quarter primarily due to a decrease in outsourced services and job production expense. 
 

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Trillium Software (Discontinued Operations)

In June 2016, we began to market Trillium Software and expect to sell the business within one year. As such, Trillium Software was repositioned as held for sale and we have reclassified the financial results of the Trillium Software reporting unit as discontinued operations on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for all periods presented.

Trillium Software operating results were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
In thousands
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
Revenues
 
$
12,711

 
$
13,170

 
(3.5
)%
 
$
23,871

 
$
25,028

 
(4.6
)%
Operating expenses
 
9,284

 
8,152

 
13.9
 %
 
17,780

 
16,738

 
6.2
 %
Operating income from discontinued operations
 
$
3,427

 
$
5,018

 
(31.7
)%
 
$
6,091

 
$
8,290

 
(26.5
)%
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Operating margin
 
27.0
%
 
38.1
%
 
 
 
25.5
%
 
33.1
%
 
 

2nd Quarter 2016 vs. 2nd Quarter 2015

Revenues

Trillium Software revenues decreased $0.5 million, or 3.5%, in the second quarter of 2016 compared to the second quarter of 2015. These results reflect a decrease in non-recurring software license sales and a decline in maintenance and professional service fees. Software-as-a-Service revenues were flat compared to the second quarter of 2015.

Trillium Software’s largest cost component is software development, which is comprised primarily of labor.

First Half 2016 vs. First Half 2015

Revenues

Trillium Software revenues decreased $1.2 million, or 4.6%, in the first half of 2016 compared to the first half of 2015. These results reflect a decrease in non-recurring software license sales, a decline in maintenance and professional service fees, and a decrease in Software-as-a-Service revenues.

Interest Expense
 
2nd Quarter 2016 vs. 2nd Quarter 2015
 
Interest expense, net, increased $0.9 million in the second quarter of 2016 compared to the second quarter of 2015. This was due to a higher interest rate spread and an increased debt balance as a result of the 2016 Secured Credit Facilities, which replaced the 2011 Term Loan Facility and 2013 Revolving Credit Facility. See discussion of our credit facilities in the Liquidity and Capital Resources section for further information.

First Half 2016 vs. First Half 2015
 
Interest expense, net, increased $1.7 million in the first half of 2016 compared to the first half of 2015. This was due to a higher interest rate spread and an increased debt balance as a result of the 2016 Secured Credit Facilities, which replaced the 2011 Term Loan Facility and 2013 Revolving Credit Facility. See discussion of our credit facilities in the Liquidity and Capital Resources section for further information.

Other Income and Expense
 
2nd Quarter 2016 vs. 2nd Quarter 2015
 
Other expense, net, decreased $0.6 million in the second quarter of 2016 compared to second quarter of 2015. This is primarily the result of the impact of foreign currency translation.


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First Half 2016 vs. First Half 2015
 
Other expense, net, decreased $0.9 million in the first half of 2016 compared to first half of 2015. This is primarily the result of the impact of foreign currency translation and an adjustment to decrease the fair value of the contingent consideration.

Income Taxes
 
2nd Quarter 2016 vs. 2nd Quarter 2015
 
Income tax benefit of $2.8 million in the second quarter of 2016 represents an increase in benefit of $0.9 million when compared to the second quarter of 2015. The increase in benefit is primarily due to the change in our operating performance. Our effective tax rate was 28.6% for the second quarter of 2016, decreasing from an adjusted rate of 46.4% for the second quarter of 2015. The 2015 adjusted rate excludes the impact of the loss on sale and discrete items related to enacted state and local tax legislation. We have historically, including for 2015, calculated the provision for income taxes during interim reporting periods by applying an estimate of the annual effective tax rate for the full calendar year to ordinary income or loss for the reporting period. However, we used a discrete effective tax rate method to calculate income taxes for the three months ended June 30, 2016 because we determined that since small changes in estimated ordinary income would result in significant changes in the estimated annual effective tax rate, such that the historical method would not provide a reliable estimate for the three months ended June 30, 2016. The effective income tax benefit calculated for the second quarter of 2016 differs from the federal statutory rate of 35.0%, primarily due to the nondeductible interest associated with the 3Q earnout and foreign tax credit limitations on dividends paid from foreign subsidiaries.

First Half 2016 vs. First Half 2015

Income tax benefit of $5.5 million in the first half of 2016 represents an increase in benefit of $3.5 million when compared to the first half of 2015. The increase in benefit is primarily due to the change in our operating performance. Our effective tax rate was 28.4% for the first half of 2016, decreasing from an adjusted rate of 47.8% for the first half of 2015. The 2015 adjusted rate excludes the impact of the loss on sale and discrete items related to enacted state and local tax legislation. We have historically, including for 2015, calculated the provision for income taxes during interim reporting periods by applying an estimate of the annual effective tax rate for the full calendar year to ordinary income or loss for the reporting period. However, we used a discrete effective tax rate method to calculate income taxes for the six months ended June 30, 2016 because we determined that since small changes in estimated ordinary income would result in significant changes in the estimated annual effective tax rate, such that the historical method would not provide a reliable estimate for the six months ended June 30, 2016. The effective income tax benefit calculated for the first half of 2016 differs from the federal statutory rate of 35.0%, primarily due to the nondeductible interest associated with the 3Q earnout and foreign tax credit limitations on dividends paid from foreign subsidiaries.

Income/Earnings (Loss) Per Share
 
2nd Quarter 2016 vs. 2nd Quarter 2015
 
We recorded net loss from continuing operations of $6.9 million and diluted loss per share from continuing operations of $0.11 in the second quarter of 2016. These results compare to net loss from continuing operations of $6.7 million and diluted loss per share from continuing operations of $0.11 per share in the second quarter of 2015. The decrease in income from continuing operations is primarily a result of a decrease in revenues and changes in other income and expense discussed above.

First Half 2016 vs. First Half 2015

We recorded net loss from continuing operations of $13.9 million and diluted loss per share from continuing operations of $0.23 in the first half of 2016. These results compare to net loss from continuing operations of $7.1 million and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations of $0.11 per share in the first half of 2015. The decrease in income from continuing operations is primarily a result of a decrease in revenues and changes in other income and expense discussed above.
 
Economic Climate and Impact on our Financial Statements
 
We cannot predict the impact on our business performance of the economic climate in the U.S. and other economies in which we operate, nor can we predict the impact of the economic climate in the industry in which we operate. Economic downturns and turmoil severely affect the marketing services industry. A deep or enduring economic recession in the U.S. or other markets we or our clients serve could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position, or operating results.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Sources and Uses of Cash
 
As of June 30, 2016, cash and cash equivalents were $12.9 million, decreasing $3.7 million from cash and cash equivalents of $16.6 million at December 31, 2015. The decrease was a result of net cash provided by operating activities of $21.8 million, net cash used in investing activities of $10.9 million, net cash used in financing activities of $13.1 million, and the negative effect of exchange rate changes of $1.4 million.
 
Operating Activities
 
Net cash provided by operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2016 was $21.8 million, compared to $26.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2015. The $5.0 million year-over-year decrease was primarily attributable to a net loss of $13.9 million and a $9.5 million decrease in loss on sale. The decrease was offset by a $8.3 million increase in working capital accounts and a $2.8 million increase in cash provided by discontinued operations.

Investing Activities
 
Net cash used in investing activities was $10.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016, compared to net cash used in investing activities of $30.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2015. The $19.5 million variance is primarily the result of using cash of $29.9 million, net of cash acquired, for the acquisition of 3Q Digital in March of 2015, offset by the $3.5 million acquisition of Aleutian Consulting in March